In South Asia, ILRI has offices in India and Pakistan with the Delhi office in India serving as the regional hub. For this region, ILRI’s activities are clustered in two main areas:
Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems
- Crop livestock system integration and productivity enhancement programme with a focus on forages and crop residue, promotion of locally relevant feeds and forage system, dual purpose crops, bio fortification of feeds and forage, formulation of low cost feed and promotion of flood and drought resistant forage.
- Genomic studies to assist in framing breeding policy for the region/country/state and work with local partners for promotion/conservation of indigenous livestock breeds and genetic resources
- Participatory action research for transformation of small holder dairy, pig and goat value chains for increased productivity, economic efficiency and market access. Also to look at innovative options for institutional transformation to comply with changing production environment and market demand.
- Livestock value chain assessment and economic impact assessment of livestock diseases.
- Contribute to improvement of extension and livestock service delivery system that is extremely poor in the region.
- Effort on gender mainstreaming and integration in livestock value chain. Adoption of participatory approaches for increasing peoples participation, especially of women in decision making process.
- Customised capacity strengthening of all the relevant actors involved in livestock system development including farmers, market actors, researchers, development professionals and policy makers.
- Increase collaboration and communication with key local, national and international partners. Poor coordination among different relevant departments/ organisations/institutions is one of the main institutional issue that hinders collective action to address complex problems.
- Contribute in policy strategy framing and policy dialogue.
Mitigating risks in rapidly changing agricultural systems
The main theme that emerges in the region relates to the range of risk that are seen to be associated with agricultural system change, including industrialization of production and supply chains, increased specialization of production, and risk related to both contributing and adapting to climate change threats. The main elements of this theme are expected to include:
- Study the priority zoonotic diseases including emerging infectious disease that are locally relevant and are posing challenge to human and animal health. In doing so, effort would be made to follow the multidisciplinary integrated One Health/Ecohealth approach for the wellbeing of all. Efforts would be made to address disease risk both in production system and through product supply chains.
- Risk assessment in livestock product value chain, especially in informal value chain which is predominant in the region. This approach would include risk prioritization, risk communication and risk mitigation in livestock value chain. Emphasis will be on multi-stakeholder engagement for improving food quality and food safety and influencing policy for regulating informal markets. Priorities will be both on biological risks and chemical hazards (including drug residues).
- Risk to human and animal health, productivity, ecosystem and environment from climate change, system intensification, over exploitation of common property resources and industrialization. These will include modelling of expected climate change and livestock hotspot, option for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and for livestock-crop system adaptation to climate change and managing environmental impacts of large scale livestock production.
- Epidemiological studies on trans-boundary animal diseases for assessing effects and economic losses.